Thesis Antithesis Synthesis - Goucher College
Speech and counter speech result in a synthesis of opinions, perhaps a solution, albeit temporary. In a world where change is the only constant,time will question history, hoping to find new avenues for growth. That is inevitable. So the synthesis, born of the amalgamation of thesis and its antithesis, becomes the new thesis today, generating yet another antithesis tomorrow, in a cyclical continuum.
Thesis Antithesis Synthesis Definition
Writers may use thesis and antithesis in many different ways and for a variety of different reasons. In some cases, the techniques are used to demonstrate that two ideas, actions, or objects that appear unrelated are, in fact, inherently opposed to each other. In other cases, it may be used to point out contradictions in ideas that appear, upon casual examination, to agree with each other. In literature, the two are often embodied in characters. Two characters, such as a main character and a main villain or a character and his foil, are shown to embody ideas and to possess traits that are opposed at a fundamental level.
Counter speech is therefore an antithesis, a critical view of Speech, involving opinions counter to what is expressed. Like thesis and antithesis, each is an essential part of the other, and both exist side by side, complementing each other like black and white. Newton does tell us that every action must have an equal and opposite reaction.
In philosophical studies, Kant formulated this in his own unique way. He postulated a concept to explain a particular phenomena called it a hypothesis or THESIS. No sooner had this been made clear as a hypothetical observation than someone else postulated a different hypothesis opposing the first one called an ANTITHESIS.
And the two thesis’s battled against each other until some one was able to see the benefit and shortcomings of both Thesis and antithesis and postulated a a 3rd position, a synthesis."Hegel's dialectic often appears broken up for convenience into three moments called "thesis" (in the French historical example, the revolution), "antithesis" (the terror which followed), and "synthesis" (the constitutional state of free citizens). ... Much Hegel scholarship does not recognize the usefulness of this triadic classification for shedding light on Hegel's thought. Although Hegel refers to "the two elemental considerations: first, the idea of freedom as the absolute and final aim; secondly, the means for realising it, i.e. the subjective side of knowledge and will, with its life, movement, and activity" (thesis and antithesis) he doesn't use "synthesis" but instead speaks of the "Whole": "We then recognised the State as the moral Whole and the Reality of Freedom, and consequently as the objective unity of these two elements." ...
"Hegel used this system of dialectics to explain the whole of the history of philosophy, science, art, politics and religion, but many modern critics point out that Hegel often seems to gloss over the realities of history in order to fit it into his dialectical mold....
In the 20th century, Hegel's philosophy underwent a major renaissance. This was due partly to the rediscovery and reevaluation of him as the philosophical progenitor of Marxism by philosophically oriented Marxists, partly through a resurgence of the historical perspective that Hegel brought to everything, and partly through increasing recognition of the importance of his dialectical method. The book that did the most to reintroduce Hegel into the Marxist canon was perhaps Georg Lukacs's History and Class Consciousness. This sparked a renewed interest in Hegel reflected in the work of Herbert Marcuse, Theodor Adorno, Ernst Bloch.... Each of the articles of Summa Theologica is focused on answering a specific question. Aquinas notes that clear questions can be answered in two ways - in the affirmative (yes) and in the negative (no). An answer to a question is not complete until it considers both sides (yes and no). Aquinas knew quite well what positions he wanted to promote. Still, he always gave serious consideration to the positions and arguments of opposing views. He did this by a method of thesis and antithesis.But here’s the difference in Zen. The Synthesis is already always One, and the One is always already thesis and antithesis. Herein is the mystical leap that invited the mind to rouse itself as the One that does not rest on choice of this or that, that does not rest on any form.Thesis and antithesis is the dilemma of two values or world views, both of which have equal weight yet are contradictory; mutually inclusive and exclusive at the same time. We can’t choose one or the other courses, yet we must choose. Zen masters say holding up a stick: if you say this is a stick, you are wrong (thesis); if you say it is not a stick (antithesis) you are wrong. Now which is it? Choose or you will be hit by the stick.My students weren't getting at all how to write a strong thesis and antithesis, and as a result they tended to write weak synthesises (syntheses?). Accordingly ...This dialectical thinking of Hegel, who considers the synthesis as a result of the opposition between a thesis and an antithesis, permits the construction of parallel realities based on the disintegration of the real world and the construction of a world where the limitless evolution of ideas drives towards an ideal.And from what I remember from my college philosophy class from Hegel is that the march of history starts with a proposition, known as the thesis, and from that proposition comes the counter, known as the antithesis, and from the conflict of the thesis and the antithesis comes the synthesis, which symbolizes progress.