How to Make a Thesis Outline | The Classroom | Synonym

A thesis statement can be very helpful in constructing the outline of your essay.

Masters Thesis Proposal Outline - UCCS Home

Next, decide where the rest of the important ideas fit in. Are they part of AIDS transmittal or AIDS societal consequences or AIDS research solutions? The complete outline might look like this:

C. Arrange your main points in a logical order and list them in the outline

The Thesis and the Sentence Outline

The sample PDF in the Media Box above is an example of an outline that a student might create before writing an essay. In order to organize her thoughts and make sure that she has not forgotten any key points that she wants to address, she creates the outline as a framework for her essay.

-- the outline below is intended to help you organize your thoughts ina couple of different ways.

Conclude your thesis outline by reiterating the major points that prove your thesis. Then include a point about why your thesis is important -- that is, what new insights does your paper offer? Finish by writing one or more points about what parts of your subject require further research, and include subpoints about how that further research would intersect with your current paper.

Here is the sentence outline that Mariah constructed for the essay she is developing.


Below is a synopsis of the outline form. The main ideas take roman numerals. Sub-points under each main idea take capital letters and are indented. Sub-points under the capital letters, if any, take italic numbers and are further indented. It is only possible to make an outline if you have familiarity with the subject. Not only in the initial outline, but during the course of the research, the writer may find it necessary to add, subtract or change the position of various ideas. This is acceptable as long as the logical relationship among ideas is preserved.It is up to the writer to decide on how many main ideas and supporting ideas adequately describe the subject. However, if there is a I in the outline, there has to be a II; if there is an A, there has to be a B; if there is a 1, there has to be a 2, and so forth.
If the outline needs to subdivide beyond these divisions, use Arabic numerals inside parentheses and then lowercase letters inside parentheses. Select the "Sample Outlines" PDF in the Media Box above to download the sample of this outline.Outlines help the writer in the same way that thesis statements do--theyguide him or her through the content of the essay, setting up (at leasttemporarily) what will be included in the essay and what will not. A previewingthesis statement, like the three-point thesis statement above, is almost anoutline by itself. It states the essay idea (Television commercials arebetter crafted than most television programming . . .), and then itstates and orders the main developing ideas of the essay's body (...intheir video techniques, in their audio techniques, and in their use of language.).

Of course, outlines can be much more detailed than even previewing thesisstatements. In addition to identifying the essay idea, and the main supportingideas, and the order of the main supporting ideas, an outline might identify howthose main supporting ideas will themselves be developed. Part of aninformal outline on the television topic could look like this:

I. (Introduction) Commercials better crafted than programming
[many writers omit the introduction and conclusion from their outlines]

II. Better video techniques


A. Film versus videotape
B. More imaginative camera angles
C. More sophisticated editing

III. Better audio techniques

[and so on . . .]

Your outline could be more formal than this, and more detailed--each entry couldbe a complete sentence, and still more subordinate ideas or details could beadded (such as the naming of particular camera angles).

Your outline could be less formal--it could eliminate the numbers and letters,and just list key words to remind you of what you plan to say.

Regardless of the form it takes, the outline is just another tool for helpingyou examine and arrange what you want to say. As with the thesis statement, youshould feel comfortable about adding to, or subtracting from, or rearrangingyour outline at any stage in the writing process.So, we have made it clear as for the essay outline format. Now let’s focus on prewriting stage. What should you do before writing an outline? Naturally, you must do some research to dig up topic-relevant information and formulate clear and laconic statements. However, if you get stuck, the following techniques will help you get your ideas off the ground:Before you start outlining your ideas mind that it is almost the same as writing an essay consisting of main paragraphs like introduction, body and conclusion. What’s the difference between essay and outline then? First, the outline doesn’t require details but rather general ideas that relate to particular essay part. It can be even an informal ideas presentation. However, if it is going to be evaluated, you should choose formal outline structure with headings and subheadings.The decimal outline is similar in format to the alphanumeric outline. The added benefit is a system of decimal notation that clearly shows how every level of the outline relates to the larger whole. Select the "Sample Outlines" PDF in the Media Box above to download the sample of this outline.The full sentence outline format is essentially the same as the Alphanumeric outline. The main difference (as the title suggests) is that full sentences are required at each level of the outline. This outline is most often used when preparing a traditional essay. Select the "Sample Outlines" PDF in the Media Box above to download the sample of this outline.Explain your findings. Again, each major point should be on its own line of the outline with at least two or three subpoints. Start with how you conducted research, then explain what you found when conducting that research. End this section by explaining how your research proves your thesis statement.